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General Issues Research: News and Social Media

Facts are stubborn things: and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passions, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence. ~John Adams, 1770

Is it News? Vocabulary

"Alternative facts": Phrase used by used by Kellyanne Conway, U.S. Advisor to President Trump, when explaining discrepancies of attendees reported at inaugural events.
Born digital: Content found on the internet that has not been published in print.
Cherry-picking: Using only select fact to sway the reader, ignoring the facts that may offer a complete story.
Clickbait: Digital content that uses persuasive tactics and inflammatory language to attract visitors to a site.
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Column, Blog, Editorial, Opinion: an article that gives an opinion on a topical issue that reflects the writer's personal views.
Confirmation bias: the tendency to seek out information that confirms one's pre-existing beliefs and reject opposing views.

Deep Fake: Artificial intelligence bases technique used to create false videos that appear authentic.
Echo effect: 
The effect of having our own opinions constantly echoed back to us, which reinforces our individual belief system.
Filter bubble: The result of online tools that use algorithmic methods to "learn" what information is preferred by a reader.

Hoax: A humorous or malicious deception (lie).
Parody: An exaggerated imitation of something used to entertain or provide a message, lesson or commentary.
Post-Truth: Used to describe a circumstance where emotion and bias are more important and believed than facts.

Satire: The use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize. 
Verify: To demonstrate that something is true, accurate, or justified.
Vetted: The use of thorough investigation to evaluate someone or something.

Identify the Fakes

Evaluation Tools

Personalized Searching

"It will be very hard for people to watch or consume something that has not in some sense been tailored for them." ~ Eric Schmidt, Google